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History of FBI negotiation failures

The FBI had notable negotiation failures leading to the reform of their system with the Critical Incident Response Group:

  • Attica Prison Riots in 1971 not FBI
  • Munich in 1972 not FBI
  • Orlando hijacking in 1974 that lead to the Downs v. United States holding the FBI liable and forcing re-thinking of negotiation techniques
  • Ruby Ridge
  • Branch Davidian compound in Waco